Tag Archives: The Great War

St Mary of the Angels, Batley: One-Place Study Update – 1 to 30 June 2022 Additions

This is the latest update of the pages relating to my Batley St Mary’s one-place study, the details of which I announced here.

May saw the addition of eight new posts, meaning the site has passed the 150 mark. In fact, this month’s additions brings the total number of posts to 157. Two others were updated.

The additions included four weekly newspaper pages for June 1916. I have accordingly updated the surname index to these During This Week newspaper pieces, so you can easily identify newspaper snippets relevant to your family.

I have written a new biography for a War Memorial man – that of Richard Carroll Walsh.

More men who served and survived have been identified. I have updated that page accordingly. No new biographies for these men have been added this month. They will follow in due course.

There is also a new occupational post. This describes the job of a lamp cleaner. It is perhaps an overlooked coal mining occupation, but turned out to have a fascinating history, critical to improving mine safety.

Finally for this month there are two new school log books. These are for the Boy’s Department in 1917 and 1918. The latter is particularly relevant to today’s Covid-hit world, covering the first and second waves of the Spanish Flu pandemic. School closures are commonplace in 1918 as Batley succumbed to the virus.

Below is the full list of pages to date. I have annotated the *NEW* ones, plus the *UPDATED* pages, so you can easily pick these out. Click on the link and it will take you straight to the relevant page.


1. About my St Mary of the Angels Catholic Church War Memorial One-Place Study;

Batley Descriptions – Directories etc.
2. 1914: Borough of Batley – Town Information from the Annual Report of the Medical Officer of Health.

Biographies: Men Associated with St Mary’s Who Died but Who Are Not on the Memorial 
3. Reginald Roberts 
4. William Frederick Townsend

Biographies: The War Memorial Men
5. Herbert Booth
6. Edmund Battye
7. Dominick (aka George) Brannan
8. Michael Brannan
9. John Brooks
10. Lawrence Carney
11. Martin Carney
12. Thomas Curley
13. Peter Doherty
14. Thomas Donlan
15. Thomas Finneran
16. Michael Flynn
17. Thomas Foley D.C.M.
18. Thomas Gavaghan
19. Michael Groark (also known as Rourke)
20. James Griffin
21. Michael Horan
William McManus – See William Townsend below
22. Thomas McNamara
23. Patrick Naifsey
24. Austin Nolan
25. Robert Randerson
26. James Rush
27. Moses Stubley
28. William Townsend, also known as McManus
29. Richard Carroll Walsh *NEW*

Biographies: Those who Served and Survived (this includes a list of those identified to date and who will later have dedicated biographical pages) *UPDATED*
30. Patrick Cassidy
31. James Delaney
32. Thomas Donlan (senior)
33. Michael Rush

Burials, Cemeteries, Headstones and MIs
34. Cemetery and Memorial Details
35. War Memorial Chronology of Deaths

During This Week
36. During This Week Newspaper Index *UPDATED*
37. 1914, 8 August – Batley News
38. 1914, 15 August – Batley News
39. 1914, 22 August – Batley News
40. 1914, 29 August – Batley News
41. 1914, 5 September – Batley News
42. 1914, 12 September – Batley News
43. 1914, 19 September – Batley News
44. 1914, 26 September – Batley News
45. 1914, 3 October – Batley News
46. 1914, 10 October – Batley News
47. 1914, 17 October – Batley News
48. 1914, 24 October – Batley News
49. 1914, 31 October – Batley News
50. 1914, 7 November – Batley News
51. 1914, 14 November – Batley News
52. 1914, 21 November – Batley News
53. 1914, 28 November – Batley News
54. 1914, 5 December – Batley News
55. 1914, 12 December – Batley News
56. 1914, 19 December – Batley News
57. 1914, 24 December – Batley News
58. 1915, 2 January – Batley News
59. 1915, 9 January – Batley News
60. 1915, 16 January – Batley News
61. 1915, 23 January – Batley News
62. 1915, 30 January – Batley News
63. 1915, 6 February – Batley News
64. 1915, 13 February – Batley News
65. 1915, 20 February – Batley News
66. 1915, 27 February – Batley News
67. 1915, 6 March – Batley News
68. 1915, 13 March – Batley News
69. 1915, 20 March – Batley News
70. 1915, 27 March – Batley News
71. 1915, 3 April – Batley News
72. 1915, 10 April – Batley News
73. 1915, 17 April – Batley News
74. 1915, 24 April – Batley News
75. 1915, 1 May – Batley News
76. 1915, 8 May – Batley News
77. 1915, 15 May – Batley News
78. 1915, 22 May – Batley News
79. 1915, 29 May – Batley News
80. 1915, 5 June – Batley News
81. 1915, 12 June – Batley News
82. 1915, 19 June – Batley News
83. 1915, 26 June – Batley News
84. 1915, 3 July – Batley News
85. 1915, 10 July – Batley News
86. 1915, 17 July – Batley News
87. 1915, 24 July – Batley News
88. 1915, 31 July – Batley News
89. 1915, 7 August – Batley News
90. 1915, 14 August – Batley News
91. 1915, 21 August – Batley News
92. 1915, 28 August – Batley News
93. 1915, 4 September – Batley News
94. 1915, 11 September – Batley News
95. 1915, 18 September – Batley News
96. 1915, 25 September – Batley News
97. 1915, 2 October – Batley News
98. 1915, 9 October – Batley News
99. 1915, 16 October – Batley News
100. 1915, 23 October – Batley News
101. 1915, 30 October – Batley News
102. 1915, 6 November – Batley News
103. 1915, 13 November – Batley News
104. 1915, 20 November – Batley News
105. 1915, 27 November – Batley News
106. 1915, 4 December – Batley News
107. 1915, 11 December – Batley News
108. 1915, 18 December – Batley News
109. 1915, 23 December – Batley News
110. 1916, 1 January – Batley News
111. 1916, 8 January – Batley News
112. 1916, 15 January – Batley News
113. 1916, 22 January – Batley News
114. 1916, 29 January – Batley News
115. 1916, 5 February – Batley News
116. 1916, 12 February – Batley News
117. 1916, 19 February – Batley News
118. 1916, 26 February – Batley News
119. 1916, 4 March – Batley News
120. 1916, 11 March – Batley News
121. 1916, 18 March – Batley News
122. 1916, 25 March – Batley News
123. 1916, 1 April – Batley News
124. 1916, 8 April – Batley News
125. 1916, 15 April – Batley News
126. 1916, 22 April – Batley News
127. 1916, 29 April – Batley News
128. 1916, 6 May – Batley News
129. 1916, 13 May – Batley News
130. 1916, 20 May – Batley News
131. 1916, 27 May – Batley News
132. 1916, 3 June – Batley News *NEW*
133. 1916, 10 June – Batley News *NEW*
134. 1916, 17 June – Batley News *NEW*
135. 1916, 24 June – Batley News *NEW*

Miscellany of Information
136. The Controversial Role Played by St Mary’s Schoolchildren in the 1907 Batley Pageant
137. The Great War: A Brief Overview of What Led Britain into the War
138. Willie and Edward Barber – Poems
139. A St Mary’s School Sensation

Occupations and Employment Information
140. Occupations: Confidential Clerk
141. Occupations: Lamp Cleaner *NEW*
142. Occupations: Limelight Operator
143. Occupations: Office Boy/Girl
144. Occupations: Piecer/Piecener
145. Occupations: Rag Grinder
146. Occupations: Willeyer

The Families
147. A Death in the Church

School Log Books
148. Boys’ School – Log Book, 1913
149. Boys’ School – Log Book, 1914
150. Boys’ School – Log Book, 1915
151. Boys’ School – Log Book, 1916
152. Boys’ School – Log Book, 1917 *NEW*
153. Boys’ School – Log Book, 1918 *NEW*

Population, Health, Mortality and Fertility
154. 1914: The Health of Batley School Children Generally, with a Particular Focus on St Mary’s School Children

World War Two
155. World War Two Chronology of Deaths
156. Michael Flatley
157. William Smith

St Mary of the Angels, Batley: One-Place Study Update – 1 to 31 May 2022 Additions

This is the latest update of the pages relating to my Batley St Mary’s one-place study, the details of which I announced here.

Headstone of William Smith in Batley Cemetery, Photo by Jane Roberts

May saw the addition of eight new pages. Two other pages were updated.

The additions included four weekly newspaper pages for May 1916. I have accordingly updated the surname index to these During This Week newspaper pieces, so you can easily identify newspaper snippets relevant to your family.

More men who served and survived have been identified. I have updated that page accordingly. There is one new biography here this month, that of Patrick Cassidy

I have written one biography for a parishioner killed during the Second World War – William Smith.

There is also a new occupational post which links to William Smith, about the role of a piecer/piecener.

Finally for this month there is one new school log book. This is for the Boy’s Department in 1916.

Below is the full list of pages to date. I have annotated the *NEW* ones, plus the *UPDATED* pages, so you can easily pick these out. Click on the link and it will take you straight to the relevant page.


1. About my St Mary of the Angels Catholic Church War Memorial One-Place Study;

Batley Descriptions – Directories etc.
2. 1914: Borough of Batley – Town Information from the Annual Report of the Medical Officer of Health.

Biographies: Men Associated with St Mary’s Who Died but Who Are Not on the Memorial 
3. Reginald Roberts 
4. William Frederick Townsend

Biographies: The War Memorial Men
5. Herbert Booth
6. Edmund Battye
7. Dominick (aka George) Brannan
8. Michael Brannan
9. John Brooks
10. Lawrence Carney
11. Martin Carney
12. Thomas Curley
13. Peter Doherty
14. Thomas Donlan
15. Thomas Finneran
16. Michael Flynn
17. Thomas Foley D.C.M.
18. Thomas Gavaghan
19. Michael Groark (also known as Rourke)
20. James Griffin
21. Michael Horan
William McManus – See William Townsend below
22. Thomas McNamara
23. Patrick Naifsey
24. Austin Nolan
25. Robert Randerson
26. James Rush
27. Moses Stubley
28. William Townsend, also known as McManus

Biographies: Those who Served and Survived (this includes a list of those identified to date and who will later have dedicated biographical pages) *UPDATED*
29. Patrick Cassidy *NEW*
30. James Delaney
31. Thomas Donlan (senior)
32. Michael Rush

Burials, Cemeteries, Headstones and MIs
33. Cemetery and Memorial Details
34. War Memorial Chronology of Deaths

During This Week
35. During This Week Newspaper Index *UPDATED*
36. 1914, 8 August – Batley News
37. 1914, 15 August – Batley News
38. 1914, 22 August – Batley News
39. 1914, 29 August – Batley News
40. 1914, 5 September – Batley News
41. 1914, 12 September – Batley News
42. 1914, 19 September – Batley News
43. 1914, 26 September – Batley News
44. 1914, 3 October – Batley News
45. 1914, 10 October – Batley News
46. 1914, 17 October – Batley News
47. 1914, 24 October – Batley News
48. 1914, 31 October – Batley News
49. 1914, 7 November – Batley News
50. 1914, 14 November – Batley News
51. 1914, 21 November – Batley News
52. 1914, 28 November – Batley News
53. 1914, 5 December – Batley News
54. 1914, 12 December – Batley News
55. 1914, 19 December – Batley News
56. 1914, 24 December – Batley News
57. 1915, 2 January – Batley News
58. 1915, 9 January – Batley News
59. 1915, 16 January – Batley News
60. 1915, 23 January – Batley News
61. 1915, 30 January – Batley News
62. 1915, 6 February – Batley News
63. 1915, 13 February – Batley News
64. 1915, 20 February – Batley News
65. 1915, 27 February – Batley News
66. 1915, 6 March – Batley News
67. 1915, 13 March – Batley News
68. 1915, 20 March – Batley News
69. 1915, 27 March – Batley News
70. 1915, 3 April – Batley News
71. 1915, 10 April – Batley News
72. 1915, 17 April – Batley News
73. 1915, 24 April – Batley News
74. 1915, 1 May – Batley News
75. 1915, 8 May – Batley News
76. 1915, 15 May – Batley News
77. 1915, 22 May – Batley News
78. 1915, 29 May – Batley News
79. 1915, 5 June – Batley News
80. 1915, 12 June – Batley News
81. 1915, 19 June – Batley News
82. 1915, 26 June – Batley News
83. 1915, 3 July – Batley News
84. 1915, 10 July – Batley News
85. 1915, 17 July – Batley News
86. 1915, 24 July – Batley News
87. 1915, 31 July – Batley News
88. 1915, 7 August – Batley News
89. 1915, 14 August – Batley News
90. 1915, 21 August – Batley News
91. 1915, 28 August – Batley News
92. 1915, 4 September – Batley News
93. 1915, 11 September – Batley News
94. 1915, 18 September – Batley News
95. 1915, 25 September – Batley News
96. 1915, 2 October – Batley News
97. 1915, 9 October – Batley News
98. 1915, 16 October – Batley News
99. 1915, 23 October – Batley News
100. 1915, 30 October – Batley News
101. 1915, 6 November – Batley News
102. 1915, 13 November – Batley News
103. 1915, 20 November – Batley News
104. 1915, 27 November – Batley News
105. 1915, 4 December – Batley News
106. 1915, 11 December – Batley News
107. 1915, 18 December – Batley News
108. 1915, 23 December – Batley News
109. 1916, 1 January – Batley News
110. 1916, 8 January – Batley News
111. 1916, 15 January – Batley News
112. 1916, 22 January – Batley News
113. 1916, 29 January – Batley News
114. 1916, 5 February – Batley News
115. 1916, 12 February – Batley News
116. 1916, 19 February – Batley News
117. 1916, 26 February – Batley News
118. 1916, 4 March – Batley News
119. 1916, 11 March – Batley News
120. 1916, 18 March – Batley News
121. 1916, 25 March – Batley News
122. 1916, 1 April – Batley News
123. 1916, 8 April – Batley News
124. 1916, 15 April – Batley News
125. 1916, 22 April – Batley News
126. 1916, 29 April – Batley News
127. 1916, 6 May – Batley News *NEW*
128. 1916, 13 May – Batley News *NEW*
129. 1916, 20 May – Batley News *NEW*
130. 1916, 27 May – Batley News *NEW*

Miscellany of Information
131. The Controversial Role Played by St Mary’s Schoolchildren in the 1907 Batley Pageant
132. The Great War: A Brief Overview of What Led Britain into the War
133. Willie and Edward Barber – Poems
134. A St Mary’s School Sensation

Occupations and Employment Information
135. Occupations: Confidential Clerk
136. Occupations: Limelight Operator
137. Occupations: Office Boy/Girl
138. Occupations: Piecer/Piecener *NEW*
139. Occupations: Rag Grinder
140. Occupations: Willeyer

The Families
141. A Death in the Church

School Log Books
142. Boys’ School – Log Book, 1913
143. Boys’ School – Log Book, 1914
144. Boys’ School – Log Book, 1915
145. Boys’ School – Log Book, 1916 *NEW*

Population, Health, Mortality and Fertility
146. 1914: The Health of Batley School Children Generally, with a Particular Focus on St Mary’s School Children

World War Two
147. World War Two Chronology of Deaths
148. Michael Flatley
149. William Smith *NEW*

Family and Local History Talks in 2022 and 2023

After a break of a couple of years I’m now back with a new series of family and local history talks.

These are:

  • Local Links to the Lusitania;
  • Tips for Researching your Great War Ancestors;
  • My Batley St Mary’s in World War One One-Place Study;
  • The Home Front: the White Lee Explosion of 1914.

Local Links to the Lusitania focuses on people with Yorkshire connections on board the Cunard liner, torpedoed and sunk off the Irish coast on 7 May 1915. The sinking did not affect only the rich and famous. Many Yorkshire people were involved. This talk explores some of their stories.

There is a possibility this talk can be tailored to your local area.


Based on my groundbreaking book The Greatest Sacrifice: Fallen Heroes of the Northern Union about rugby league players who died in World War One, the talk investigates the stories behind some of the men. It is also packed with tips for researching your own Great War Army ancestors.


My Batley St Mary’s in World War One One-Place Study is based on my ongoing study of the Catholic parish of St Mary of the Angels, particularly during the First World War. It investigates what a one-place study is, why I embarked on one, why I chose this particular focus, as well as my findings.


The Home Front: the White Lee Explosion of 1914 is a talk based around the events of December 1914 when a devastating explosion, caused during the manufacture of picric acid for the war effort, took place at White Lee. It resulted in deaths and injuries, as well as damage across a vast area of Batley, Heckmondwike and the Spen Valley. It is an event often overlooked because of later explosions in Yorkshire at Low Moor and Barnbow. This talk aims to provide more information about this Heavy Woollen District incident, the forerunner to the later explosions. The talk will explore the unlucky history of the site as well as the events on the day and the aftermath. 


For more details about these talks, including booking one, please contact me at: pasttopresentgenealogy@btinternet.com

Lusitania Talk – 10 May 2022

A heads up that I will be giving a talk via Zoom at 7.30 p.m. on 10 May 2022 about the Lusitania sinking of 7 May 1915.

Lusitania Medal Box – Photo by Jane Roberts

Huddersfield and District Family History Society are hosting the talk and more details are in the advert below. Essentially it is free for Society members, and a minimum £2 donation for non-members. Registering is by sending an email with ‘Local Lusitania Links’ in the subject box to webmaster@hdfhs.org.uk

As well as background details, I will be exploring some of the local links from around the family history society area to illustrate why the sinking had such a huge impact on our community.

It should be a fascinating talk packed with information and some amazing tales of loss and survival.

St Mary of the Angels, Batley: One-Place Study Update – 1 to 30 April 2022 Additions

This is the latest update of the pages relating to my Batley St Mary’s one-place study, the details of which I announced here.

St Mary of the Angels, Batley

April saw the addition of eight new pages. Two other pages were updated.

The additions included five weekly newspaper pages for April 1916. I have accordingly updated the surname index to these During This Week newspaper pieces, so you can easily identify newspaper snippets relevant to your family.

More men who served and survived have been identified. I have updated that page accordingly. No new biographies for these men have been added this month. They will follow in due course.

I have written one biography for a War Memorial man: Lawrence Carney.

This month there are two new school log book pages. These are the ones for the Boy’s Department in 1914 and 1915.

Below is the full list of pages to date. I have annotated the *NEW* ones, plus the *UPDATED* pages, so you can easily pick these out. Click on the link and it will take you straight to the relevant page.


1. About my St Mary of the Angels Catholic Church War Memorial One-Place Study;

Batley Descriptions – Directories etc.
2. 1914: Borough of Batley – Town Information from the Annual Report of the Medical Officer of Health.

Biographies: Men Associated with St Mary’s Who Died but Who Are Not on the Memorial 
3. Reginald Roberts 
4. William Frederick Townsend

Biographies: The War Memorial Men
5. Herbert Booth
6. Edmund Battye
7. Dominick (aka George) Brannan
8. Michael Brannan
9. John Brooks
10. Lawrence Carney *NEW*
11. Martin Carney
12. Thomas Curley
13. Peter Doherty
14. Thomas Donlan
15. Thomas Finneran
16. Michael Flynn
17. Thomas Foley D.C.M.
18. Thomas Gavaghan
19. Michael Groark (also known as Rourke)
20. James Griffin
21. Michael Horan
William McManus – See William Townsend below
22. Thomas McNamara
23. Patrick Naifsey
24. Austin Nolan
25. Robert Randerson
26. James Rush
27. Moses Stubley
28. William Townsend, also known as McManus

Biographies: Those who Served and Survived (this includes a list of those identified to date and who will later have dedicated biographical pages) *UPDATED*
29. James Delaney
30. Thomas Donlan (senior)
31. Michael Rush

Burials, Cemeteries, Headstones and MIs
32. Cemetery and Memorial Details
33. War Memorial Chronology of Deaths

During This Week
34. During This Week Newspaper Index *UPDATED*
35. 1914, 8 August – Batley News
36. 1914, 15 August – Batley News
37. 1914, 22 August – Batley News
38. 1914, 29 August – Batley News
39. 1914, 5 September – Batley News
40. 1914, 12 September – Batley News
41. 1914, 19 September – Batley News
42. 1914, 26 September – Batley News
43. 1914, 3 October – Batley News
44. 1914, 10 October – Batley News
45. 1914, 17 October – Batley News
46. 1914, 24 October – Batley News
47. 1914, 31 October – Batley News
48. 1914, 7 November – Batley News
49. 1914, 14 November – Batley News
50. 1914, 21 November – Batley News
51. 1914, 28 November – Batley News
52. 1914, 5 December – Batley News
53. 1914, 12 December – Batley News
54. 1914, 19 December – Batley News
55. 1914, 24 December – Batley News
56. 1915, 2 January – Batley News
57. 1915, 9 January – Batley News
58. 1915, 16 January – Batley News
59. 1915, 23 January – Batley News
60. 1915, 30 January – Batley News
61. 1915, 6 February – Batley News
62. 1915, 13 February – Batley News
63. 1915, 20 February – Batley News
64. 1915, 27 February – Batley News
65. 1915, 6 March – Batley News
66. 1915, 13 March – Batley News
67. 1915, 20 March – Batley News
68. 1915, 27 March – Batley News
69. 1915, 3 April – Batley News
70. 1915, 10 April – Batley News
71. 1915, 17 April – Batley News
72. 1915, 24 April – Batley News
73. 1915, 1 May – Batley News
74. 1915, 8 May – Batley News
75. 1915, 15 May – Batley News
76. 1915, 22 May – Batley News
77. 1915, 29 May – Batley News
78. 1915, 5 June – Batley News
79. 1915, 12 June – Batley News
80. 1915, 19 June – Batley News
81. 1915, 26 June – Batley News
82. 1915, 3 July – Batley News
83. 1915, 10 July – Batley News
84. 1915, 17 July – Batley News
85. 1915, 24 July – Batley News
86. 1915, 31 July – Batley News
87. 1915, 7 August – Batley News
88. 1915, 14 August – Batley News
89. 1915, 21 August – Batley News
90. 1915, 28 August – Batley News
91. 1915, 4 September – Batley News
92. 1915, 11 September – Batley News
93. 1915, 18 September – Batley News
94. 1915, 25 September – Batley News
95. 1915, 2 October – Batley News
96. 1915, 9 October – Batley News
97. 1915, 16 October – Batley News
98. 1915, 23 October – Batley News
99. 1915, 30 October – Batley News
100. 1915, 6 November – Batley News
101. 1915, 13 November – Batley News
102. 1915, 20 November – Batley News
103. 1915, 27 November – Batley News
104. 1915, 4 December – Batley News
105. 1915, 11 December – Batley News
106. 1915, 18 December – Batley News
107. 1915, 23 December – Batley News
108. 1916, 1 January – Batley News
109. 1916, 8 January – Batley News
110. 1916, 15 January – Batley News
111. 1916, 22 January – Batley News
112. 1916, 29 January – Batley News
113. 1916, 5 February – Batley News
114. 1916, 12 February – Batley News
115. 1916, 19 February – Batley News
116. 1916, 26 February – Batley News
117. 1916, 4 March – Batley News
118. 1916, 11 March – Batley News
119. 1916, 18 March – Batley News
120. 1916, 25 March – Batley News
121. 1916, 1 April – Batley News *NEW*
122. 1916, 8 April – Batley News *NEW*
123. 1916, 15 April – Batley News *NEW*
124. 1916, 22 April – Batley News *NEW*
125. 1916, 29 April – Batley News *NEW*

Miscellany of Information
126. The Controversial Role Played by St Mary’s Schoolchildren in the 1907 Batley Pageant
127. The Great War: A Brief Overview of What Led Britain into the War
128. Willie and Edward Barber – Poems
129. A St Mary’s School Sensation

Occupations and Employment Information
130. Occupations: Confidential Clerk
131. Occupations: Limelight Operator
132. Occupations: Office Boy/Girl
133. Occupations: Rag Grinder
134. Occupations: Willeyer

The Families
135. A Death in the Church

School Log Books
136. Boys’ School – Log Book, 1913
137. Boys’ School – Log Book, 1914 *NEW*
138. Boys’ School – Log Book, 1915 *NEW*

Population, Health, Mortality and Fertility
139. 1914: The Health of Batley School Children Generally, with a Particular Focus on St Mary’s School Children

World War Two
140. World War Two Chronology of Deaths
141. Michael Flatley

St Mary of the Angels, Batley: One-Place Study Update – 1 to 31 March 2022 Additions

This is the latest update of the pages relating to my Batley St Mary’s one-place study, the details of which I announced here.

A selection of school log books – Photo by Jane Roberts

March saw the addition of seven new pages. Two other pages were updated.

Although March may therefore appear to have been quiet, I have been working away in the background on a new strand to the St Mary’s One-Place Study – the school. More of that later.

The additions included four weekly newspaper pages for March 1916. I have accordingly updated the surname index to these During This Week newspaper pieces, so you can easily identify newspaper snippets relevant to your family.

More men who served and survived have been identified. I have updated that page accordingly. No new biographies for these men have been added this month. They will follow in due course.

I have written one biography for a War Memorial man: Robert Randerson. A Batley rugby league player and St Mary’s school teacher, his first days at the school are also recorded in the brand new section to the study – the school log books.

These log books were kept regularly by the school – the infants, mixed and boys’ departments. They record the everyday routine of their running. Some of the entries may be mundane, register checking for example. But amidst these entries are some real gems – for example unusual incidents, disease outbreaks, school outings, and issues relating to individual school children or teachers. Interwoven through them is the religious context to St Mary of the Angels school, and how local and national events also impacted on it. They provide a snapshot of Catholic school life in a bygone time. Crucially for this study, these particular logs are not available online or in the archives.

This month there are two new pages relating specifically to these log books. The first is a general introduction. The second is the 1913 log book entries for the newly formed Boys’ Department. And it is on these pages Robert Randerson appears.

Below is the full list of pages to date. I have annotated the *NEW* ones, plus the *UPDATED* pages, so you can easily pick these out. Click on the link and it will take you straight to the relevant page.


1. About my St Mary of the Angels Catholic Church War Memorial One-Place Study;

Batley Descriptions – Directories etc.
2. 1914: Borough of Batley – Town Information from the Annual Report of the Medical Officer of Health.

Biographies: Men Associated with St Mary’s Who Died but Who Are Not on the Memorial
3. Reginald Roberts
4. William Frederick Townsend

Biographies: The War Memorial Men
5. Herbert Booth
6. Edmund Battye
7. Dominick (aka George) Brannan
8. Michael Brannan
9. John Brooks
10. Martin Carney
11. Thomas Curley
12. Peter Doherty
13. Thomas Donlan
14. Thomas Finneran
15. Michael Flynn
16. Thomas Foley D.C.M.
17. Thomas Gavaghan
18. Michael Groark (also known as Rourke)
19. James Griffin
20. Michael Horan
William McManus – See William Townsend below
21. Thomas McNamara
22. Patrick Naifsey
23. Austin Nolan
24. Robert Randerson *NEW*
25. James Rush
26. Moses Stubley
27. William Townsend, also known as McManus

Biographies: Those who Served and Survived (this includes a list of those identified to date and who will later have dedicated biographical pages) *UPDATED*
28. James Delaney
29. Thomas Donlan (senior)
30. Michael Rush

Burials, Cemeteries, Headstones and MIs
31. Cemetery and Memorial Details
32. War Memorial Chronology of Deaths

During This Week
33. During This Week Newspaper Index *UPDATED*
34. 1914, 8 August – Batley News
35. 1914, 15 August – Batley News
36. 1914, 22 August – Batley News
37. 1914, 29 August – Batley News
38. 1914, 5 September – Batley News
39. 1914, 12 September – Batley News
40. 1914, 19 September – Batley News
41. 1914, 26 September – Batley News
42. 1914, 3 October – Batley News
43. 1914, 10 October – Batley News
44. 1914, 17 October – Batley News
45. 1914, 24 October – Batley News
46. 1914, 31 October – Batley News
47. 1914, 7 November – Batley News
48. 1914, 14 November – Batley News
49. 1914, 21 November – Batley News
50. 1914, 28 November – Batley News
51. 1914, 5 December – Batley News
52. 1914, 12 December – Batley News
53. 1914, 19 December – Batley News
54. 1914, 24 December – Batley News
55. 1915, 2 January – Batley News
56. 1915, 9 January – Batley News
57. 1915, 16 January – Batley News
58. 1915, 23 January – Batley News
59. 1915, 30 January – Batley News
60. 1915, 6 February – Batley News
61. 1915, 13 February – Batley News
62. 1915, 20 February – Batley News
63. 1915, 27 February – Batley News
64. 1915, 6 March – Batley News
65. 1915, 13 March – Batley News
66. 1915, 20 March – Batley News
67. 1915, 27 March – Batley News
68. 1915, 3 April – Batley News
69. 1915, 10 April – Batley News
70. 1915, 17 April – Batley News
71. 1915, 24 April – Batley News
72. 1915, 1 May – Batley News
73. 1915, 8 May – Batley News
74. 1915, 15 May – Batley News
75. 1915, 22 May – Batley News
76. 1915, 29 May – Batley News
77. 1915, 5 June – Batley News
78. 1915, 12 June – Batley News
79. 1915, 19 June – Batley News
80. 1915, 26 June – Batley News
81. 1915, 3 July – Batley News
82. 1915, 10 July – Batley News
83. 1915, 17 July – Batley News
84. 1915, 24 July – Batley News
85. 1915, 31 July – Batley News
86. 1915, 7 August – Batley News
87. 1915, 14 August – Batley News
88. 1915, 21 August – Batley News
89. 1915, 28 August – Batley News
90. 1915, 4 September – Batley News
91. 1915, 11 September – Batley News
92. 1915, 18 September – Batley News
93. 1915, 25 September – Batley News
94. 1915, 2 October – Batley News
95. 1915, 9 October – Batley News
96. 1915, 16 October – Batley News
97. 1915, 23 October – Batley News
98. 1915, 30 October – Batley News
99. 1915, 6 November – Batley News
100. 1915, 13 November – Batley News
101. 1915, 20 November – Batley News
102. 1915, 27 November – Batley News
103. 1915, 4 December – Batley News
104. 1915, 11 December – Batley News
105. 1915, 18 December – Batley News
106. 1915, 23 December – Batley News
107. 1916, 1 January – Batley News
108. 1916, 8 January – Batley News
109. 1916, 15 January – Batley News
110. 1916, 22 January – Batley News
111. 1916, 29 January – Batley News
112. 1916, 5 February – Batley News
113. 1916, 12 February – Batley News
114. 1916, 19 February – Batley News
115. 1916, 26 February – Batley News
116. 1916, 4 March – Batley News *NEW*
117. 1916, 11 March – Batley News *NEW*
118. 1916, 18 March – Batley News *NEW*
119. 1916, 25 March – Batley News *NEW*

Miscellany of Information
120. The Controversial Role Played by St Mary’s Schoolchildren in the 1907 Batley Pageant
121. The Great War: A Brief Overview of What Led Britain into the War
122. Willie and Edward Barber – Poems
123. A St Mary’s School Sensation

Occupations and Employment Information
124. Occupations: Confidential Clerk
125. Occupations: Limelight Operator
126. Occupations: Office Boy/Girl
127. Occupations: Rag Grinder
128. Occupations: Willeyer

The Families
129. A Death in the Church

School Log Books *NEW*
130. Boys’ School – Log Book, 1913 *NEW*

Population, Health, Mortality and Fertility
131. 1914: The Health of Batley School Children Generally, with a Particular Focus on St Mary’s School Children

World War Two
132. World War Two Chronology of Deaths
133. Michael Flatley

St Mary of the Angels, Batley: One-Place Study Update – 1 to 28 February 2022 Additions

This is the latest update of the pages relating to my Batley St Mary’s one-place study, the details of which I announced here.

Sam Sykes – One of the Newspaper additions this month

It has been a busy month. In total eight new pages were added. Eight others were updated.

I focused on occupations during February, with three new work descriptions added – those of confidential clerk, office boy/girl and willeyer.

I have added four weekly newspaper pages for February 1916. I have accordingly updated the surname index to these During This Week newspaper pieces, so you can easily identify newspaper snippets relevant to your family.

More men who served and survived have been identified. I have updated that page accordingly. No new biographies for these men have been added this month. They will follow in due course.

I have also written one biography for a War Memorial men: Dominick Brannan, also known as Dominic or George Brennan. I have updated five others (Michael Brannan, Michael Flynn, Thomas Foley, Patrick Naifsey, Austin Nolan). Also updated is Reginald Roberts, who was linked to the parish but not on the Memorial.

Below is the full list of pages to date. I have annotated the *NEW* ones, plus the *UPDATED* pages, so you can easily pick these out. Click on the link and it will take you straight to the relevant page.


1. About my St Mary of the Angels Catholic Church War Memorial One-Place Study;

Batley Descriptions – Directories etc.
2. 1914: Borough of Batley – Town Information from the Annual Report of the Medical Officer of Health.

Biographies: Men Associated with St Mary’s Who Died but Who Are Not on the Memorial
3. Reginald Roberts *UPDATED*
4. William Frederick Townsend

Biographies: The War Memorial Men
5. Herbert Booth
6. Edmund Battye
7. Dominick (aka George) Brannan *NEW*
8. Michael Brannan *UPDATED*
9. John Brooks
10. Martin Carney
11. Thomas Curley
12. Peter Doherty
13. Thomas Donlan
14. Thomas Finneran
15. Michael Flynn *UPDATED*
16. Thomas Foley D.C.M. *UPDATED*
17. Thomas Gavaghan
18. Michael Groark (also known as Rourke)
19. James Griffin
20. Michael Horan
William McManus – See William Townsend below
21. Thomas McNamara
22. Patrick Naifsey *UPDATED*
23. Austin Nolan *UPDATED*
24. James Rush
25. Moses Stubley
26. William Townsend, also known as McManus

Biographies: Those who Served and Survived (this includes a list of those identified to date and who will later have dedicated biographical pages) *UPDATED*
27. James Delaney
28. Thomas Donlan (senior)
29. Michael Rush

Burials, Cemeteries, Headstones and MIs
30. Cemetery and Memorial Details
31. War Memorial Chronology of Deaths

During This Week
31. During This Week Newspaper Index *UPDATED*
33. 1914, 8 August – Batley News
34. 1914, 15 August – Batley News
35. 1914, 22 August – Batley News
36. 1914, 29 August – Batley News
37. 1914, 5 September – Batley News
38. 1914, 12 September – Batley News
39. 1914, 19 September – Batley News
40. 1914, 26 September – Batley News
41. 1914, 3 October – Batley News
42. 1914, 10 October – Batley News
43. 1914, 17 October – Batley News
44. 1914, 24 October – Batley News
45. 1914, 31 October – Batley News
46. 1914, 7 November – Batley News
47. 1914, 14 November – Batley News
48. 1914, 21 November – Batley News
49. 1914, 28 November – Batley News
50. 1914, 5 December – Batley News
51. 1914, 12 December – Batley News
52. 1914, 19 December – Batley News
53. 1914, 24 December – Batley News
54. 1915, 2 January – Batley News
55. 1915, 9 January – Batley News
56. 1915, 16 January – Batley News
57. 1915, 23 January – Batley News
58. 1915, 30 January – Batley News
59. 1915, 6 February – Batley News
60. 1915, 13 February – Batley News
61. 1915, 20 February – Batley News
62. 1915, 27 February – Batley News
63. 1915, 6 March – Batley News
64. 1915, 13 March – Batley News
65. 1915, 20 March – Batley News
66. 1915, 27 March – Batley News
67. 1915, 3 April – Batley News
68. 1915, 10 April – Batley News
69. 1915, 17 April – Batley News
70. 1915, 24 April – Batley News
71. 1915, 1 May – Batley News
72. 1915, 8 May – Batley News
73. 1915, 15 May – Batley News
74. 1915, 22 May – Batley News
75. 1915, 29 May – Batley News
76. 1915, 5 June – Batley News
77. 1915, 12 June – Batley News
78. 1915, 19 June – Batley News
79. 1915, 26 June – Batley News
80. 1915, 3 July – Batley News
81. 1915, 10 July – Batley News
82. 1915, 17 July – Batley News
83. 1915, 24 July – Batley News
84. 1915, 31 July – Batley News
85. 1915, 7 August – Batley News
86. 1915, 14 August – Batley News
87. 1915, 21 August – Batley News
88. 1915, 28 August – Batley News
89. 1915, 4 September – Batley News
90. 1915, 11 September – Batley News
91. 1915, 18 September – Batley News
92. 1915, 25 September – Batley News
93. 1915, 2 October – Batley News
94. 1915, 9 October – Batley News
95. 1915, 16 October – Batley News
96. 1915, 23 October – Batley News
97. 1915, 30 October – Batley News
98. 1915, 6 November – Batley News
99. 1915, 13 November – Batley News
100. 1915, 20 November – Batley News
101. 1915, 27 November – Batley News
102. 1915, 4 December – Batley News
103. 1915, 11 December – Batley News
104. 1915, 18 December – Batley News
105. 1915, 23 December – Batley News
106. 1916, 1 January – Batley News
107. 1916, 8 January – Batley News
108. 1916, 15 January – Batley News
109. 1916, 22 January – Batley News
110. 1916, 29 January – Batley News
111. 1916, 5 February – Batley News *NEW*
112. 1916, 12 February – Batley News *NEW*
113. 1916, 19 February – Batley News *NEW*
114. 1916, 26 February – Batley News *NEW*

Miscellany of Information
115. The Controversial Role Played by St Mary’s Schoolchildren in the 1907 Batley Pageant
116. The Great War: A Brief Overview of What Led Britain into the War
117. Willie and Edward Barber – Poems
118. A St Mary’s School Sensation

Occupations and Employment Information
119. Occupations: Confidential Clerk *NEW*
120. Occupations: Limelight Operator
121. Occupations: Office Boy/Girl *NEW*
122. Occupations: Rag Grinder
123. Occupations: Willeyer *NEW*

The Families
124. A Death in the Church

Population, Health, Mortality and Fertility
125. 1914: The Health of Batley School Children Generally, with a Particular Focus on St Mary’s School Children

World War Two
126. World War Two Chronology of Deaths
127. Michael Flatley

St Mary of the Angels, Batley: One-Place Study Update – 1 to 31 January 2022 Additions

This is the latest update of the pages relating to my Batley St Mary’s one-place study, the details of which I announced here.

St Mary of the Angels Church, Batley

In the past month I have added five weekly newspaper pages for January 1916. I have accordingly updated the surname index to these During This Week newspaper pieces, so you can easily identify newspaper snippets relevant to your family.

More men who served and survived have been identified. I have updated that page accordingly. No new biographies for these men have been added this month. They will follow in due course.

I have also written two new biographies for a War Memorial men: those of Peter Doherty and Thomas Gavaghan.

Below is the full list of pages to date. I have annotated the *NEW* ones, plus the *UPDATED* pages, so you can easily pick these out. Click on the link and it will take you straight to the relevant page.


1. About my St Mary of the Angels Catholic Church War Memorial One-Place Study;

Batley Descriptions – Directories etc.
2. 1914: Borough of Batley – Town Information from the Annual Report of the Medical Officer of Health.

Biographies: Men Associated with St Mary’s Who Died but Who Are Not on the Memorial *UPDATED*
3. Reginald Roberts
4. William Frederick Townsend

Biographies: The War Memorial Men
5. Herbert Booth
6. Edmund Battye
7. Michael Brannan
8. John Brooks
9. Martin Carney
10. Thomas Curley
11. Peter Doherty *NEW*
12. Thomas Donlan
13. Thomas Finneran
14. Michael Flynn
15. Thomas Foley D.C.M.
16. Thomas Gavaghan *NEW*
17. Michael Groark (also known as Rourke)
18. James Griffin
19. Michael Horan
William McManus – See William Townsend below
20. Thomas McNamara
21. Patrick Naifsey
22. Austin Nolan
23. James Rush
24. Moses Stubley
25. William Townsend, also known as McManus

Biographies: Those who Served and Survived (this includes a list of those identified to date and who will later have dedicated biographical pages) *UPDATED*
26. James Delaney
27. Thomas Donlan (senior)
28. Michael Rush

Burials, Cemeteries, Headstones and MIs
29. Cemetery and Memorial Details
30. War Memorial Chronology of Deaths

During This Week
31. During This Week Newspaper Index *UPDATED*
32. 1914, 8 August – Batley News
33. 1914, 15 August – Batley News
34. 1914, 22 August – Batley News
35. 1914, 29 August – Batley News
36. 1914, 5 September – Batley News
37. 1914, 12 September – Batley News
38. 1914, 19 September – Batley News
39. 1914, 26 September – Batley News
40. 1914, 3 October – Batley News
41. 1914, 10 October – Batley News
42. 1914, 17 October – Batley News
43. 1914, 24 October – Batley News
44. 1914, 31 October – Batley News
45. 1914, 7 November – Batley News
46. 1914, 14 November – Batley News
47. 1914, 21 November – Batley News
48. 1914, 28 November – Batley News
49. 1914, 5 December – Batley News
50. 1914, 12 December – Batley News
51. 1914, 19 December – Batley News
52. 1914, 24 December – Batley News
53. 1915, 2 January – Batley News
54. 1915, 9 January – Batley News
55. 1915, 16 January – Batley News
56. 1915, 23 January – Batley News
57. 1915, 30 January – Batley News
58. 1915, 6 February – Batley News
59. 1915, 13 February – Batley News
60. 1915, 20 February – Batley News
61. 1915, 27 February – Batley News
62. 1915, 6 March – Batley News
63. 1915, 13 March – Batley News
64. 1915, 20 March – Batley News
65. 1915, 27 March – Batley News
66. 1915, 3 April – Batley News
67. 1915, 10 April – Batley News
68. 1915, 17 April – Batley News
69. 1915, 24 April – Batley News
70. 1915, 1 May – Batley News
71. 1915, 8 May – Batley News
72. 1915, 15 May – Batley News
73. 1915, 22 May – Batley News
74. 1915, 29 May – Batley News
75. 1915, 5 June – Batley News
76. 1915, 12 June – Batley News
77. 1915, 19 June – Batley News
78. 1915, 26 June – Batley News
79. 1915, 3 July – Batley News
80. 1915, 10 July – Batley News
81. 1915, 17 July – Batley News
82. 1915, 24 July – Batley News
83. 1915, 31 July – Batley News
84. 1915, 7 August – Batley News
85. 1915, 14 August – Batley News
86. 1915, 21 August – Batley News
87. 1915, 28 August – Batley News
88. 1915, 4 September – Batley News
89. 1915, 11 September – Batley News
90. 1915, 18 September – Batley News
91. 1915, 25 September – Batley News
92. 1915, 2 October – Batley News
93. 1915, 9 October – Batley News
94. 1915, 16 October – Batley News
95. 1915, 23 October – Batley News
96. 1915, 30 October – Batley News
97. 1915, 6 November – Batley News
98. 1915, 13 November – Batley News
99. 1915, 20 November – Batley News
100. 1915, 27 November – Batley News
101. 1915, 4 December – Batley News
102. 1915, 11 December – Batley News
103. 1915, 18 December – Batley News
104. 1915, 23 December – Batley News
105. 1916, 1 January – Batley News *NEW*
106. 1916, 8 January – Batley News *NEW*
107. 1916, 15 January – Batley News *NEW*
108. 1916, 22 January – Batley News *NEW*
109. 1916, 29 January – Batley News *NEW*

Miscellany of Information
110. The Controversial Role Played by St Mary’s Schoolchildren in the 1907 Batley Pageant
111. The Great War: A Brief Overview of What Led Britain into the War
112. Willie and Edward Barber – Poems
113. A St Mary’s School Sensation

Occupations and Employment Information
114. Occupations: Rag Grinder
115. Limelight Operator

The Families
116. A Death in the Church

Population, Health, Mortality and Fertility
117. 1914: The Health of Batley School Children Generally, with a Particular Focus on St Mary’s School Children

World War Two
118. World War Two Chronology of Deaths
119. Michael Flatley

St Mary of the Angels, Batley: One-Place Study Update – 1 to 30 September 2021 Additions

This is the latest update of the pages relating to my Batley St Mary’s one-place study, the details of which I announced here.

St Mary of the Angels Church, Batley

In the past month I have added eight new pages, including a major news announcement for September. This is the extension of the study to include those from the parish who died in the Second World War.

Although the church has no War Memorial commemorating parishioners who died in World War Two, with the help of Batley’s Roll of Honour I am seeking to identify them and publish mini-biographies as part of this one-place study. These new pages include the background to the Second World War element of the study; a list of those identified to date; and the first of these biographies, Michael Flatley.

Turning to World War One, there are four weekly newspaper summary pages for September 1915. I have accordingly updated the surname index to these During This Week newspaper pieces, so you can easily identify newspaper snippets relevant to your family.

The biography of Thomas McNamara has been updated, with additional information.

More men who served and survived have been identified. I have updated that page accordingly. This month I have published a biography for one of these men, Michael Rush. He survived both the 2nd Boer War and the First World War. The biographies of other men in this section will follow in due course.

Below is the full list of pages to date. I have annotated the *NEW* ones, plus the *UPDATED* pages, so you can easily pick these out. Click on the link and it will take you straight to the relevant page.


1. About my St Mary of the Angels Catholic Church War Memorial One-Place Study;

Batley Descriptions – Directories etc.
2. 1914: Borough of Batley – Town Information from the Annual Report of the Medical Officer of Health.

Biographies: Men Associated with St Mary’s Who Died but Who Are Not on the Memorial 
3. Reginald Roberts
4. William Frederick Townsend

Biographies: The War Memorial Men
5. Herbert Booth
6. Edmund Battye
7. Michael Brannan
8. John Brooks
9. Martin Carney
10. Thomas Curley
11. Thomas Donlan
12. Michael Flynn
13. Thomas Foley D.C.M.
14. Michael Groark (also known as Rourke)
15. James Griffin
16. Michael Horan
William McManus – See William Townsend below
17. Thomas McNamara *UPDATED*
18. Patrick Naifsey
19. Austin Nolan
20. Moses Stubley
21. William Townsend, also known as McManus

Biographies: Those who Served and Survived (this includes a list of those identified to date and who will later have dedicated biographical pages) *UPDATED*
22. James Delaney
23. Thomas Donlan (senior)
24. Michael Rush *NEW*

Burials, Cemeteries, Headstones and MIs
25. Cemetery and Memorial Details
26. War Memorial Chronology of Deaths

During This Week
27. During This Week Newspaper Index *UPDATED*
28. 1914, 8 August – Batley News
29. 1914, 15 August – Batley News
30. 1914, 22 August – Batley News
31. 1914, 29 August – Batley News
32. 1914, 5 September – Batley News
33. 1914, 12 September – Batley News
34. 1914, 19 September – Batley News
35. 1914, 26 September – Batley News
36. 1914, 3 October – Batley News
37. 1914, 10 October – Batley News
38. 1914, 17 October – Batley News
39. 1914, 24 October – Batley News
40. 1914, 31 October – Batley News
41. 1914, 7 November – Batley News
42. 1914, 14 November – Batley News
43. 1914, 21 November – Batley News
44. 1914, 28 November – Batley News
45. 1914, 5 December – Batley News
46. 1914, 12 December – Batley News
47. 1914, 19 December – Batley News
48. 1914, 24 December – Batley News
49. 1915, 2 January – Batley News
50. 1915, 9 January – Batley News
51. 1915, 16 January – Batley News
52. 1915, 23 January – Batley News
53. 1915, 30 January – Batley News
54. 1915, 6 February – Batley News
55. 1915, 13 February – Batley News
56. 1915, 20 February – Batley News
57. 1915, 27 February – Batley News
58. 1915, 6 March – Batley News
59. 1915, 13 March – Batley News
60. 1915, 20 March – Batley News
61. 1915, 27 March – Batley News
62. 1915, 3 April – Batley News
63. 1915, 10 April – Batley News
64. 1915, 17 April – Batley News
65. 1915, 24 April – Batley News
66. 1915, 1 May – Batley News
67. 1915, 8 May – Batley News
68. 1915, 15 May – Batley News
69. 1915, 22 May – Batley News
70. 1915, 29 May – Batley News
71. 1915, 5 June – Batley News
72. 1915, 12 June – Batley News
73. 1915, 19 June – Batley News
74. 1915, 26 June – Batley News
75. 1915, 3 July – Batley News
76. 1915, 10 July – Batley News
77. 1915, 17 July – Batley News
78. 1915, 24 July – Batley News
79. 1915, 31 July – Batley News
80. 1915, 7 August – Batley News
81. 1915, 14 August – Batley News
82. 1915, 21 August – Batley News
83. 1915, 28 August – Batley News
84. 1915, 4 September – Batley News *NEW*
85. 1915, 11 September – Batley News *NEW*
86. 1915, 18 September – Batley News *NEW*
87. 1915, 25 September – Batley News *NEW*

Miscellany of Information
88. The Controversial Role Played by St Mary’s Schoolchildren in the 1907 Batley Pageant
89. The Great War: A Brief Overview of What Led Britain into the War
90. Willie and Edward Barber – Poems
91. A St Mary’s School Sensation

Occupations and Employment Information
92. Occupations: Rag Grinder

Population, Health, Mortality and Fertility
93. 1914: The Health of Batley School Children Generally, with a Particular Focus on St Mary’s School Children

The Families
94. A Death in the Church

World War Two *NEW*
95. World War Two Chronology of Deaths *NEW*
96. Michael Flatley *NEW*

Mystery Flowers on a Grave

A cemetery can tell you so much about a town’s past. It is a physical representation of the lives of many of its inhabitants – years, decades and even centuries after they departed its soil. Headstones provide a snapshot of their lives. The uniform layout of burial registers record the passing of the rich, the less well-off and the impoverished. And combined, their lives and deaths chart the history and development of a town over time.

Batley cemetery, and its register, is no exception. The first burial recorded in the register’s consecrated (Church of England) portion of the cemetery is on 19 January 1867 for nine-week-old William Henry Stockwell; in the unconsecrated section it is 25-year-old Mary Fox, on 10 November 1866. She, therefore, is the first registered burial in the cemetery. In this post I will focus on one grave in the consecrated section.

This grave has a headstone. It marks the loss of three young lives. The children are all from different families. One was buried in accordance with the rites of the Church of England. The other two were Catholic burials. All have unusual names for the area. Particularly striking is how, over a century after the occupants of the grave were buried, artificial flowers are still being placed at the foot of the cross.

So how did these three children come to be buried in Batley cemetery?

Their story starts in August 1914, the outbreak of the Great War and the German invasion of Belgium. These children were refugees, either driven directly from their home by war, or born in this country subsequently to parents forced to flee Belgium. Many came to Great Britain, and towns countrywide welcomed them. By the end of 1914 an estimated 110,000 Belgian refugees were in the country.1

The first Belgium refugees officially arrived in Batley on 17 October. A mixture of single people and family groups, they numbered 25 in total.2 They were accommodated at Shaftesbury House, Upper Batley. This was the residence of the late Alderman J. J. Parker, an ex-Mayor of the Borough. It was fitted out and furnished free of charge by Batley residents. The refugees were also provided with free medical care, and Batley Corporation waived any rates on the property.

Ordnance Survey Maps – 25 inch England and Wales, 1841-1952, Yorkshire CCXXXII.11 (Batley; Morley), Revised: 1915, Published: 1922 – National Library of Scotland, under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC-BY-NC-SA) licence

In those first months Batley people showed an intense interest in the new arrivals, and the newspapers contained regular updates about the town’s Belgian guests. There were even set visiting days, so locals could turn up to show sympathy and solidarity with them. The generosity of the Batley public continued, with monetary donations and increasing offers of accommodation resulting in the ability to house even more Belgian refugees.

Eighteen more arrived on 21 November. Nine went to Woodhall, in a house provided by Henry Jessop. The others were housed in properties on Byron Street, Kelvin Grove and Primrose Hill. The continuing swell of housing offers meant that by February 1915 almost 70 Belgian refugees were based in Batley.3

Their new homes were supplied by a variety of locals. These included Staff Nurse Alice Musto, who offered up her home on the Warwick Road corner of Taylor Street whilst she was away serving with the Territorial Nursing Force.4 As experience built up, it was found that these separate family houses were best for homing the refugees. Though the larger multi-occupancy group houses still had an important role in that they helped the newly-arrived, providing company and support for them until they became familiar with the area, people and language.

Support facilities for the displaced foreigners grew. A special class for Belgian children was established at St Paulinus RC School in Dewsbury. Attended by 15 scholars, their Belgian teacher was Miss Callens, who herself had arrived in the country only recently. The Tramway Company provided free travel for those children living a distance from school. Meals were provided free by members of the St Paulinus congregation.5

English language classes were provided for adults. Entertainment was also laid on. Christmas parties and gifts were supplied. The area even had Catholic priests who themselves were refugees from Belgium. They were attached to the local churches to minister to the refugee flock. These included Father Julien Kestelyn at Birstall St Patrick’s, subsequently posted to St Mary’s; and Father Paul van de Pitte, initially at St Joseph’s, Batley Carr.

In regards to religious observance, one amusing incident occurred soon after the refugees’ arrival. An offer from a Batley resident to take a family group to church was enthusiastically accepted. The lady, not a Catholic, ascertained the times of Sunday mass at St Mary’s, based on the assumption that all from Belgium were Catholic. She even accompanied them to church, neglecting her own religious observances that day. Except it transpired after mass that the Belgian family were actually Protestants! It turned out the initial batch of Woodhall refugees were non-Catholics. So a girl living there had provision made for her to attend Staincliffe Church school.

Batley townsfolk continued to make regular contributions to the Belgian Relief Fund. For example, by June 1915 St Mary’s RC Church had made 17 separate donations to the fund following church collections.6

Tensions did exist though, for instance around the cost of maintaining these refugees. In January 1915, whilst dismissing public murmurings about them being treated too well, it was agreed that care was needed not to spoil them. By the beginning of October 1915, when the mutual decision was made that the refugees were to feed and clothe themselves wherever the man’s work permitted it, the town’s Belgian Refugees Fund donations stood at £914 5s.7 In simple purchasing power terms that equates to £74,900 at today’s values.8 Support remained though. For example, housing, coal and lighting would continue to be provided free of charge.

On 14 December 1914 a particularly unsavoury incident occurred. At 6.15am 19-year-old Woodhall resident Jean Joseph Soumagne was attacked going to work at J Blackburn and Co’s mill. Whilst making his way down the footpath to Healey Lane, a man sprang from behind a wall, stabbed him in the cheek and right thigh, then threw him down in the mud, before making his escape under cover of darkness. There is no mention of Joseph being targeted because of his nationality, but the implication is there, especially because nothing was taken.9 Jean Joseph subsequently applied to join the Belgian Army.10

Ordnance Survey Maps – 25 inch England and Wales, 1841-1952, Yorkshire CCXXXII.11 (Batley; Morley), Revised: 1915, Published: 1922 – National Library of Scotland, under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC-BY-NC-SA) licence

And it was the youngest Soumagne child who was the first young refugee to be buried in the grave in Batley cemetery, in a plot purchased by the local Belgian Relief Committee. Forty-year-old Antwerp nickel-plater Lucien Soumagne, his 43-year-old wife Marie, and children Jean Joseph (19), Lucien (16) and Edgard Lucien (3) were amongst the original nine Woodhall residents who arrived at the house in November 1914.11 Mr and Mrs Soumagne had prominent roles within the Batley Belgian community, liaising with authorities and seemingly acting as spokespersons in particular for the Woodhall refugees. The family were non-Catholics, which may partly explain why this burial plot was purchased in the Consecrated Church of England portion of Batley cemetery.

Edgard died on 15 March 1915 as a result of diphtheria. Thankfully rare in this country now due to childhood vaccination, this highly-infectious, primarily respiratory-spread disease was a killer back in 1915. The sore throat, high temperature, headache and nausea rapidly led to difficulty in breathing and swallowing. It could also damage the heart, kidneys and liver, and affect the skin. The disease reached epidemic proportions in Batley in 1915. Ninety six cases were notified that year, the highest proportion since 1893. A particularly bad outbreak occurred in the last quarter of 1915, centred around youngsters over 14 who had left school. Almost all of these were in the Cobden Street area of town, and connected with Irish Roman Catholics. Because of its infectious nature, 87 of the year’s 96 sufferers were admitted to hospital.12 It was here, at the Oakwell Isolation Hospital, that Edgard died – just one of 18 diphtheria deaths in Batley that year.

He was interred in Batley cemetery on 18 March, in a service conducted amidst fleeting snow, by the Batley Parish Church curate, Rev. J. S. Walker. In addition to his parents, brothers, and local people closely involved with the refugees, his paternal aunt – herself a refugee – travelled up from Bedfordshire.

The next child to be laid to rest in this plot was an 11-week-old baby girl, Irene Josephine Lambertine Bovy. Her birth was registered in the Kings Norton district of Birmingham, the daughter of Mr and Mrs Phillipe D. J. Bovy. The family only arrived in Batley the month prior to Irene’s death, to live with relatives at Woodhall, which now included Catholics amongst its residents. She passed away on the morning of 23 September 1915. Like Edgard, she too died in hospital as a result of another childhood killer disease, whooping cough. All 16 deaths recorded in 1915 in Batley Borough for this disease related to children under the age of five.13 Again this is another disease today successfully combatted by childhood vaccination. Irene’s burial took place on 25 September, conducted by Catholic priest Paul van de Pitte.

The final child buried here is the six-month old daughter of Belgian soldier Leon Lemmens. Hortensia Leoni Lemmens’ birth was registered in Dewsbury in 1917. Latterly she and her mother had been staying at Rock Farm, Upper Batley, with another family of Belgian refugees. Prior to that they had been supported at Osborne Terrace (see first map) by members of Batley Conservative Club, who continued this support in paying for the child’s burial expenses. Hortensia died on the 2 February 1918, and her funeral – conducted by Batley St Mary’s Catholic priest Father Shea – took place on the 5 February.

The headstone which marks the grave notes they are the children of Belgian refugees. It reads:

IN
MEMORY
EDGARD LUCIEN FRANCOIS
JOSEPH SOUMAGNE,
DIED MARCH 15TH 1915,
AGED 3 YEARS.
IRENE JOSEPHINE LAMBERTINE BOVY,
DIED AUGUST 23RD 1915, AGED 11 WEEKS.
HORTENSIA LEONI LEMMENS
DIED FEBRUARY 2ND 1918, AGED 6 MONTHS.
CHILDREN OF BELGIAN REFUGEES

Close-up of the inscription – Photo by Jane Roberts

And, curiously, even a century after their deaths, someone is remembering their loss by regularly placing the artificial flowers on their grave.

Footnotes:
1. Batley News, 2 January 1915;
2. Batley News, 24 October 1914;
3. Batley News, 6 February 1915;
4. Batley News, 30 January 1915;
5. Batley News, 28 November 1915;
6. Batley News, 12 June 1915;
7. Batley News, 2 October 1915;
8. Measuring Worth website, https://www.measuringworth.com/index.php;
9. Batley News, 19 December 1915;
10. Batley News, 16 January 1915;
11. Batley News, 28 November 1915;
12. Pearce, G H. Borough of Batley Annual Report of the Medical Officer of Health For the Year 1915. JS Newsome, Batley, 1916; and
13. Ibid.

Other Sources:
Batley Cemetery Burial Registers;
Batley News, 5 December 1914, 9 January 1915, 20 March 1915, 25 September 1915, 9 October 1915, and 9 February 1918;
GRO Indexes; and
National Library of Scotland website